Russian real wages before and after 1917

Robert C. Allen, Ekaterina Khaustova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper measures real wages in St Petersburg, Moscow, and Kursk over 1853-1937. Workers in construction and large scale industry are studied. For the imperial period and the NEP, new series of prices are collected from archival and printed sources, and these radically revise previous measures of inflation. Russian living standards grew little between 1853 and 1913, but doubled between 1913 and 1928 due to the exchange rate, price, and employment policies followed by the regime. Real wages dropped to their pre-War level between 1928 and 1937, as the social surplus was mobilized for the industrialization drive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-37
Number of pages15
JournalExplorations in Economic History
StatePublished - Apr 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Economics and Econometrics


Dive into the research topics of 'Russian real wages before and after 1917'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this