Safety performance functions for Two-Lane urban arterial segments

Bekir Bartin, Kaan Ozbay, Chuan Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents the calibration and development process of the safety performance function for the undivided two-lane urban and suburban arterial segments in New Jersey. Data requirements, the availability of required data, and the data processing and extraction methods are presented, along with detailed results of the calibration and development process. Negative binomial, Poisson, zero-inflated Poisson and Hurdle models were generated using the development database. The best model fit was based on likelihood ratio test, AIC and BIC statistics, Vuong test and rootograms. The test database was used to calculate the calibration factor for U2 segments. The predictions of the location-specific count models were then evaluated and compared to those of calibrated Highway Safety Manual model, using the test dataset. The validation test results showed that the negative binomial and hurdle models exhibited better performance in terms of absolute residuals and absolute Pearson residual statistics. This paper also shows the impact of crash location information on analyses results, and underlines that efforts made to manually extract the missing required data can easily be offset by the inaccuracies in crash frequency databases, and the thresholds used to identify intersection related crashes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106284
JournalSafety Science
StatePublished - Nov 2023


  • Calibration factor
  • Generalized linear models, urban arterials
  • Highway safety manual
  • Safety performance functions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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