Salicylic acid polymers in periodontal tissue healing

Dana Graves, Yue Cao, Paulo Coelho, Lukasz Witek, Kathryn Uhrich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Salicylic acid (SA) has therapeutic potential based on its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. A limitation of SA treatment is its short half-life in vivo that can be overcome by the sustained release by incorporation into a polymer backbone resulting in biodegradable salicylic acid-based poly(anhydride-esters) (SAPAE). In addition to slow release for up to 1 month, SAPAE is simple to produce and is an effective low-cost alternative to biologic factors. These properties are useful in promoting bone regeneration, particularly under situations where inflammation is enhanced by systemic conditions such as diabetes. In a rat critical size defect model, SAPAE application with bone grafting material significantly increased bone fill as assessed by micro-computed tomography (CT) and histomorphometry. While there was accelerated bone formation in the normoglycemic group, there was both accelerated and increased bone formation in diabetic rats. The increased bone formation in the diabetic group was tied to a decrease in inflammation during the period of bone formation, an increase in the number of osteoblasts, and a reduction of osteoclasts. The results suggest that SAPAE polymer can be used to accelerate and enhance bone formation in the treatment of periodontal and other craniofacial osseous defects and may be useful for the treatment of peri-implantitis, particularly in diabetic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEmerging Therapies in Periodontics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages43-53
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783030429904
ISBN (Print)9783030429898
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Bone regeneration
  • Diabetes
  • Osteoblasts
  • Osteoclasts
  • Peri-implantitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Salicylic acid
  • Salicylic acid-based poly(anhydride-esters) (SAPAE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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    Graves, D., Cao, Y., Coelho, P., Witek, L., & Uhrich, K. (2020). Salicylic acid polymers in periodontal tissue healing. In Emerging Therapies in Periodontics (pp. 43-53). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-42990-4_4