SCA-Based Beamforming Optimization for IRS-Enabled Secure Integrated Sensing and Communication

Vaibhav Kumar, Marwa Chafii, A. Lee Swindlehurst, Le Nam Tran, Mark F. Flanagan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) is expected to be offered as a fundamental service in the upcoming sixth-generation (6G) communications standard. However, due to the exposure of information-bearing signals to the sensing targets, ISAC poses unique security challenges. In recent years, intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs) have emerged as a novel hardware technology capable of enhancing the physical layer security of wireless communication systems. Therefore, in this paper, we consider the problem of transmit and reflective beamforming design in a secure IRS-enabled ISAC system to maximize the beampattern gain at the target. The formulated non-convex optimization problem is challenging to solve due to the intricate coupling between the design variables. Moreover, alternating optimization (AO) based methods are inefficient in finding a solution in such scenarios, and convergence to a stationary point is not theoretically guaranteed. Therefore, we propose a novel successive convex approximation (SCA)-based second-order cone programming (SOCP) scheme in which all of the design variables are updated simultaneously in each iteration. The proposed SCA-based method significantly outperforms a penalty-based benchmark scheme previously proposed in this context. Moreover, we also present a detailed complexity analysis of the proposed scheme, and show that despite having slightly higher per-iteration complexity than the benchmark approach the average problem-solving time of the proposed method is notably lower than that of the benchmark scheme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGLOBECOM 2023 - 2023 IEEE Global Communications Conference
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9798350310900
StatePublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2023 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: Dec 4 2023Dec 8 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM
ISSN (Print)2334-0983
ISSN (Electronic)2576-6813


Conference2023 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2023
CityKuala Lumpur


  • Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)
  • integrated sensing and communication (ISAC)
  • physical layer security
  • second-order cone programming (SOCP)
  • successive convex approximation (SCA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing


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