Scanning near-field optical microscopy based on the heterodyne phase-controlled oscillator method

G. T. Shubeita, S. K. Sekatskii, B. Riedo, G. Dietler, U. Dürig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The heterodyne phase-controlled oscillator method to monitor the resonance frequency and quality factor of the tip oscillations was used to control the scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM) and to study the nature of the shear-force interaction routinely used in SNOM. Both optical and nonoptical (tuning fork-based) detection schemes of the shear force have been investigated using the same electronic unit, which enables a direct comparison of the results. It is shown that the possibility to record simultaneously the topography and dissipative interaction (Q-factor) channels gives additional information about the sample and helps to interpret the data in a manner analogous to that of a usual dynamic force microscope. The peculiarities of the recorded approach curves (increase of the resonance frequency and Q factor when the tip approaches the sample) are consistent with the “repetitive bumping” mechanism of tip–sample interaction for the shear force. Evidence for the transition from the bumping to the permanent sliding mechanism has been obtained for the case of larger vibration amplitudes of the tip.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2921-2927
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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