Screening for Unhealthy Drug Use: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Alex H. Krist, Karina W. Davidson, Carol M. Mangione, Michael J. Barry, Michael Cabana, Aaron B. Caughey, Susan J. Curry, Katrina Donahue, Chyke A. Doubeni, John W. Epling, Martha Kubik, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Lori Pbert, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A. Simon, Chien Wen Tseng, John B. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Importance: An estimated 12% of adults 18 years or older and 8% of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years report unhealthy use of prescription or illegal drugs in the US. Objective: To update its 2008 recommendation, the USPSTF commissioned reviews of the evidence on screening by asking questions about drug use and interventions for unhealthy drug use in adults and adolescents. Population: This recommendation statement applies to adults 18 years or older, including pregnant and postpartum persons, and adolescents aged 12 to 17 years in primary care settings. This statement does not apply to adolescents or adults who have a currently diagnosed drug use disorder or are currently undergoing or have been referred for drug use treatment. This statement applies to settings and populations for which services for accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate care can be offered or referred. Evidence Assessment: In adults, the USPSTF concludes with moderate certainty that screening by asking questions about unhealthy drug use has moderate net benefit when services for accurate diagnosis of unhealthy drug use or drug use disorders, effective treatment, and appropriate care can be offered or referred. In adolescents, because of the lack of evidence, the USPSTF concludes that the benefits and harms of screening for unhealthy drug use are uncertain and that the balance of benefits and harms cannot be determined. Recommendation: The USPSTF recommends screening by asking questions about unhealthy drug use in adults 18 years or older. Screening should be implemented when services for accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate care can be offered or referred. (Screening refers to asking questions about unhealthy drug use, not testing biological specimens.) (B recommendation) The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for unhealthy drug use in adolescents. (I statement).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2301-2309
Number of pages9
JournalJAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume323
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 9 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Screening for Unhealthy Drug Use: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Krist, A. H., Davidson, K. W., Mangione, C. M., Barry, M. J., Cabana, M., Caughey, A. B., Curry, S. J., Donahue, K., Doubeni, C. A., Epling, J. W., Kubik, M., Ogedegbe, G., Pbert, L., Silverstein, M., Simon, M. A., Tseng, C. W., & Wong, J. B. (2020). Screening for Unhealthy Drug Use: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 323(22), 2301-2309. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.8020