Search for stable and long-lived massive charged particles in e+e- collisions at √S = 130 - 183 GeV

K. Ackerstaff, G. Alexander, J. Allison, N. Altekamp, K. J. Anderson, S. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, S. F. Ashby, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, A. H. Ball, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. Bartoldus, J. R. Batley, S. Baumann, J. Bechtluft, T. Behnke, K. W. BellG. Bella, S. Bentvelsen, S. Bethke, S. Betts, O. Biebel, A. Biguzzi, S. D. Bird, V. Blobel, I. J. Bloodworth, M. Bobinski, P. Bock, D. Bonacorsi, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, C. Burgard, R. Bürgin, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, D. Chrisman, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, J. E. Conboy, O. C. Cooke, C. Couyoumtzelis, R. L. Coxe, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, C. Dallapiccola, G. M. Dallavalle, R. Davis, S. de Jong, L. A. del Pozo, A. de Roeck, K. Desch, B. Dienes, M. S. Dixit, M. Doucet, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. Eatough, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, H. G. Evans, M. Evans, F. Fabbri, A. Fanfani, M. Fanti, A. A. Faust, L. Feld, F. Fiedler, M. Fierro, H. M. Fischer, I. Fleck, R. Folman, D. G. Fong, M. Foucher, A. Fürtjes, D. I. Futyan, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, S. M. Gascon-Shotkin, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, T. Geralis, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, R. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, D. M. Gingrich, D. Glenzinski, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, C. Hajdu, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, M. Hapke, C. K. Hargrove, P. A. Hart, C. Hartmann, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, M. Herndon, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, M. D. Hildreth, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, P. R. Hobson, A. Hocker, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, D. Horváth, K. R. Hossain, R. Howard, P. Hüntemeyer, D. E. Hutchcroft, P. Igo-Kemenes, D. C. Imrie, K. Ishii, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, A. Joly, C. R. Jones, M. Jones, U. Jost, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, J. Kanzaki, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, P. I. Kayal, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, J. Kirk, A. Klier, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, D. S. Koetke, T. P. Kokott, M. Kolrep, S. Komamiya, R. V. Kowalewski, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, R. Lahmann, W. P. Lai, D. Lanske, J. Lauber, S. R. Lautenschlager, I. Lawson, J. G. Layter, D. Lazic, A. M. Lee, E. Lefebvre, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, B. List, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, M. J. Losty, J. Ludwig, D. Lui, A. Macchiolo, A. Macpherson, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, C. Markopoulos, C. Markus, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Martinez, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, E. A. Mckigney, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, S. Menke, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, J. Meyer, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, A. Mincer, R. Mir, W. Mohr, A. Montanari, T. Mori, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, B. Nellen, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, H. O. Ogren, A. Oh, N. J. Oldershaw, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. Pálinkás, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. Patt, R. Perez-Ochoa, S. Petzold, P. Pfeifenschneider, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, A. Posthaus, C. Rembser, S. Robertson, S. A. Robins, N. Rodning, J. M. Roney, A. Rooke, A. M. Rossi, P. Routenburg, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, U. Ruppel, D. R. Rust, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, O. Sahr, W. M. Sang, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, F. Scharf, P. Scharff-Hansen, J. Schieck, P. Schleper, B. Schmitt, S. Schmitt, A. Schöning, M. Schröder, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. P. Siroli, A. Sittler, A. Skillman, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, K. Stephens, J. Steuerer, B. Stockhausen, K. Stoll, D. Strom, R. Ströhmer, P. Szymanski, R. Tafirout, S. D. Talbot, P. Taras, S. Tarem, R. Teuscher, M. Thiergen, M. A. Thomson, E. von Törne, E. Torrence, S. Towers, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, A. S. Turcot, M. F. Turner-Watson, I. Ueda, P. Utzat, R. van Kooten, P. Vannerem, M. Verzocchi, P. Vikas, E. H. Vokurka, H. Voss, F. Wäckerle, A. Wagner, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, J. S. White, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, G. Yekutieli, V. Zacek, D. Zer-Zion

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    A search for stable and long-lived massive particles of electric charge |Q/e| = 1 or 2/3, pair-produced in e+ e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies from 130 to 183 GeV, is reported by the OPAL collaboration at LEP. No evidence for production of these particles was observed in a mass range between 45 and 89.5 GeV. Model-independent upper limits on the production cross-section between 0.05 and 0.19 pb have been derived for scalar and spin-1/2 particles with charge ±1. Within the framework of the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM), this implies a lower limit of 82.5 (83.5) GeV on the mass of long-lived right- (left-)handed scalar muons and scalar taus. Long-lived charged leptons and charginos are excluded for masses below 89.5 GeV. For particles with charge ±2/3 the upper limits on the production cross-section vary between 0.05 and 0.2 pb. All limits, on masses and on cross-sections, are valid at the 95% confidence level for particles with lifetimes longer than 10-6 s.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)195-208
    Number of pages14
    JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
    Volume433
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 6 1998

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Ackerstaff, K., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Altekamp, N., Anderson, K. J., Anderson, S., Arcelli, S., Asai, S., Ashby, S. F., Axen, D., Azuelos, G., Ball, A. H., Barberio, E., Barlow, R. J., Bartoldus, R., Batley, J. R., Baumann, S., Bechtluft, J., Behnke, T., ... Zer-Zion, D. (1998). Search for stable and long-lived massive charged particles in e+e- collisions at √S = 130 - 183 GeV. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 433(1-2), 195-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(98)00518-8