Digital microfluidic biochips (DMFBs) integrated with processors and arrays of sensors form cyberphysical systems and consequently face a variety of unique, recently described security threats. It has been noted that techniques used for error recovery can provide some assurance of integrity when a cyberphysical DMFB is under attack. This paper proposes the use of such hardware for security purposes through the randomization of checkpoints in both space and time, and provides design guidelines for designers of such systems. We define security metrics and present techniques for improving performance through static checkpoint maps, and describe performance tradeoffs associated with static and random checkpoints. We also provide detailed classification of attack models and demonstrate the feasibility of our techniques with case studies on assays implemented in typical DMFB hardware.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
|Published - Jun 2018
- cyberphysical systems
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering