Secure remote authentication using biometric data

Xavier Boyen, Yevgeniy Dodis, Jonathan Katz, Rafail Ostrovsky, Adam Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Biometric data offer a potential source of high-entropy, secret information that can be used in cryptographic protocols provided two issues are addressed: (1) biometric data are not uniformly distributed; and (2) they are not exactly reproducible. Recent work, most notably that of Dodis, Reyzin, and Smith, has shown how these obstacles may be overcome by allowing some auxiliary public information to be reliably sent from a server to the human user. Subsequent work of Boyen has shown how to extend these techniques, in the random oracle model, to enable unidirectional authentication from the user to the server without the assumption of a reliable communication channel. We show two efficient techniques enabling the use of biometric data to achieve mutual authentication or authenticated key exchange over a completely insecure (i.e., adversarially controlled) channel. In addition to achieving stronger security guarantees than the work of Boyen, we improve upon his solution in a number of other respects: we tolerate a broader class of errors and, in one case, improve upon the parameters of his solution and give a proof of security in the standard model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-163
Number of pages17
JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume3494
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
Event24th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques: Advances in Cryptology - EUROCRYPT 2005 - Aarhus, Denmark
Duration: May 22 2005May 26 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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