Security assessment of microfluidic fully-programmable-valve-array biochips

Mohammed Shayan, Sukanta Bhattacharjee, Yong Ak Song, Krishnendu Chakrabarty, Ramesh Karri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The fully-programmable-valve-array (FPVA) is a general-purpose programmable flow-based microfluidic platform, akin to the VLSI field-programmable gate array (FPGA). FPVAs are dynamically reconfigurable and hence are suitable in a broad spectrum of applications involving immunoassays and cell analysis. Since these applications are safety-critical, addressing security concerns is vital for the success and adoption of FPVAs. This study evaluates the security of FPVA biochips. We show that FPVAs are vulnerable to malicious operations similar to digital and flow-based microfluidic biochips. FPVAs are further prone to new classes of attacks - tunneling and deliberate aging. The study establishes security metrics and describes possible attacks on real-life bioassays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 32nd International Conference on VLSI Design, VLSID 2019 - Held concurrently with 18th International Conference on Embedded Systems, ES 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages197-202
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728104096
DOIs
StatePublished - May 9 2019
Event32nd International Conference on VLSI Design, VLSID 2019 - New Delhi, India
Duration: Jan 5 2019Jan 9 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - 32nd International Conference on VLSI Design, VLSID 2019 - Held concurrently with 18th International Conference on Embedded Systems, ES 2019

Conference

Conference32nd International Conference on VLSI Design, VLSID 2019
CountryIndia
CityNew Delhi
Period1/5/191/9/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Shayan, M., Bhattacharjee, S., Song, Y. A., Chakrabarty, K., & Karri, R. (2019). Security assessment of microfluidic fully-programmable-valve-array biochips. In Proceedings - 32nd International Conference on VLSI Design, VLSID 2019 - Held concurrently with 18th International Conference on Embedded Systems, ES 2019 (pp. 197-202). [8710987] (Proceedings - 32nd International Conference on VLSI Design, VLSID 2019 - Held concurrently with 18th International Conference on Embedded Systems, ES 2019). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/VLSID.2019.00053