Security Closure of Physical Layouts

Johann Knechtel, Jayanth Gopinath, Jitendra Bhandari, Mohammed Ashraf, Hussam Amrouch, Shekhar Borkar, Sung Kyu Lim, Ozgur Sinanoglu, Ramesh Karri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Computer-aided design (CAD) tools traditionally optimize for power, performance, and area (PPA). However, given a vast number of hardware security threats, we call for secure-by-design CAD flows, to adopt principles of secure hardware design and streamline security closure throughout the flow. The stakes are high for integrated circuit (IC) vendors and design companies, as security risks that are not addressed during design will inevitably be exploited in the field, where vulnerabilities are almost impossible to fix. This paper highlights the need for security closure of physical layouts because efforts taken toward securing ICs at higher abstraction layers may be futile without support for securing the tape-out ready layouts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2021 40th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2021 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781665445078
StatePublished - 2021
Event40th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2021 - Munich, Germany
Duration: Nov 1 2021Nov 4 2021

Publication series

NameIEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD
ISSN (Print)1092-3152


Conference40th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2021


  • Advanced Nodes
  • CAD
  • Hardware Security
  • Physical Layouts
  • Security Closure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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