Selection on rapidly evolving proteins in the arabidopsis genome

Marianne Barrier, Carlos D. Bustamante, Jiaye Yu, Michael D. Purugganan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Genes that have undergone positive or diversifying selection are likely to be associated with adaptive divergence between species. One indicator of adaptive selection at the molecular level is an excess of amino acid replacement fixed differences per replacement site relative to the number of synonymous fixed differences per synonymous site (ω = Ka/Ks). We used an evolutionary expressed sequence tag (EST) approach to estimate the distribution of ω among 304 orthologous loci between Arabidopsis thaliana and A. lyrata to identify genes potentially involved in the adaptive divergence between these two Brassicaceae species. We find that 14 of 304 genes (∼5%) have an estimated ω > 1 and are candidates for genes with increased selection intensities. Molecular population genetic analyses of 6 of these rapidly evolving protein loci indicate that, despite their high levels of between-species nonsynonymous divergence, these genes do not have elevated levels of intraspecific replacement polymorphisms compared to previously studied genes. A hierarchical Bayesian analysis of protein-coding region evolution within and between species also indicates that the selection intensities of these genes are elevated compared to previously studied A. thaliana nuclear loci.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-733
Number of pages11
JournalGenetics
Volume163
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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    Barrier, M., Bustamante, C. D., Yu, J., & Purugganan, M. D. (2003). Selection on rapidly evolving proteins in the arabidopsis genome. Genetics, 163(2), 723-733.