Self-control and ego identity development as predictors of unprotected sex in late adolescent males

Jeanne T. Hernandez, Ralph J. Diclemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Male college students completed an anonymous self-report questionnaire assessing HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, moral development, personality factors and behaviors. Bivariate analyses were used to identify factors associated with high-risk sexual intercourse. Significant demographic psychosocial and behavioral predictors were entered into a logistic regression analysis to evaluate the independent influence of each predictor on unprotected sexual intercourse. Behavioral factors were the most powerful predictors of unprotected sexual intercourse. Adolescents reporting multiple sex partners, drinking and picking-up sex partners were significantly more likely to engage in sex without condoms. Examining psychosocial factors alone, it was found that adolescents who had low scores for ego-development (goal-directedness) and self-control were significantly more likely to engage in sex without condoms. Identification of two personality constructs as underlying predictors of high-risk behavior, while potentially important for the development of effective HIV prevention programs, needs corroboration to further define the interrelationships between these factors and other psychosocial constructs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-447
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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