Self-Directed Learning: A Cognitive and Computational Perspective

Todd M. Gureckis, Douglas B. Markant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A widely advocated idea in education is that people learn better when the flow of experience is under their control (i.e., learning is self-directed). However, the reasons why volitional control might result in superior acquisition and the limits to such advantages remain poorly understood. In this article, we review the issue from both a cognitive and computational perspective. On the cognitive side, self-directed learning allows individuals to focus effort on useful information they do not yet possess, can expose information that is inaccessible via passive observation, and may enhance the encoding and retention of materials. On the computational side, the development of efficient "active learning" algorithms that can select their own training data is an emerging research topic in machine learning. This review argues that recent advances in these related fields may offer a fresh theoretical perspective on how people gather information to support their own learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-481
Number of pages18
JournalPerspectives on Psychological Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2012


  • active learning
  • intervention-based causal learning
  • machine learning
  • self-directed learning
  • self-regulated study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Self-Directed Learning: A Cognitive and Computational Perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this