Self-management of type 1 diabetes across adolescence

Lori Keough, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai, Sybil Crawford, Lynne Schilling, Jane Dixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine differences in self-management behaviors (Collaboration with Parents, Diabetes Care Activities, Diabetes Problem Solving, Diabetes Communication, and Goals) between early, middle, and late adolescence. The role of regimen and gender as covariates in self-management behaviors was also examined. Methods This was a secondary analysis with a cross-sectional descriptive survey design. A sample of 504 participants ages 13 to 21 years from the Self-Management of Diabetes-Adolescent instrument development study were analyzed to determine self-management behaviors in early, middle, and late adolescence. This study was partially guided by the Self and Family Management Framework. This framework contains broad conceptual areas that are thought to pose a risk to or have a protective influence on self-management and family management behaviors and associated outcomes. Results Significant findings included a decline between early, middle, and late adolescence in the Collaboration with Parents scale as well as an increase between early and late adolescence on the Diabetes Problem Solving scale. Regimen was a significant covariate for Collaboration with Parents, Diabetes Care Activities, and Diabetes Problem Solving, and gender was a significant covariate for Diabetes Care Activities and Diabetes Communication. Conclusions Clinicians should consider the influence of adolescent stage and development on self-management when educating adolescents. Youth and their families should be educated to consider the implications that regimen will have on daily self-management when making treatment decisions. Furthermore, gender variations can necessitate different educational approaches to meet different needs. Future research should identify other variables that can influence self-management at different points across adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486-500
Number of pages15
JournalDiabetes Educator
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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    Keough, L., Sullivan-Bolyai, S., Crawford, S., Schilling, L., & Dixon, J. (2011). Self-management of type 1 diabetes across adolescence. Diabetes Educator, 37(4), 486-500.