Sequenced neurocognitive and behavioral parent training for the treatment of ADHD in school-age children

A. Chacko, A. C V Bedard, D. Marks, G. Gopalan, N. Feirsen, J. Uderman, A. Chimiklis, E. Heber, M. Cornwell, L. Anderson, A. Zwilling, M. Ramon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study examines the potential of sequencing a neurocognitive intervention with behavioral parent training (BPT) to improve executive functions (EFs), psychiatric symptoms, and multiple indices of functional impairment in school-age children aged 7 to 11 years who have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Specifically, in a randomized controlled trial design, 85 children were assigned to either Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) followed by an empirically supported, manualized BPT intervention, or to a placebo version of CWMT followed by the same BPT intervention. Working memory maintenance (i.e., attention control/short-term memory), working memory processing and manipulation, ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms, impairment in parent–child dynamics, familial impairment, and overall functional compromise were evaluated as outcomes. The results suggest specific effects of the combined CWMT and BPT program on verbal and nonverbal working memory storage and nonverbal working memory processing and manipulation but no incremental benefits in regard to ADHD symptoms, ODD symptoms, and functional outcomes. The present findings do not support the hypothesis regarding the complementary and augmentative benefits of sequenced neurocognitive and BPT interventions for the treatment of ADHD. These results, the study’s limitations, and future directions for research are further discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-450
Number of pages24
JournalChild Neuropsychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 19 2018


  • ADHD
  • Behavioral parent training
  • Cognitive training
  • Combined treatment
  • Working memory training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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