Introduction: The 11q23.1 genomic region has been associated with nicotine dependence in Black and White Americans. Methods: By conducting linkage disequilibrium analyses of 7 informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the tetratricopeptide repeat domain 12 (TTC12)/ankyrin repeat and kinase containing 1 (ANKK1)/dopamine (D2) receptor gene cluster, we identified haplotype block structures in 270 Black and 368 White (n = 638) participants, from the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area cohort study, spanning the TTC12 and ANKK1 genes consisting of three SNPs (rs2303380-rs4938015-rs11604671). Informative haplotypes were examined for sex-specific associations with daily tobacco smoking initiation and cessation using longitudinal data from 1993-1994 and 2004-2005 interviews. Results: There was a Haplotype × Sex interaction such that Black men possessing the GTG haplotype who were smokers in 1993-2004 were more likely to have stopped smoking by 2004-2005 (55.6% GTG vs. 22.0% other haplotypes), while Black women were less likely to have quit smoking if they possessed the GTG (20.8%) versus other haplotypes (24.0%; p = .028). In Whites, the GTG haplotype (vs. other haplotypes) was associated with lifetime history of daily smoking (smoking initiation; odds ratio = 1.6; 95% CI = 1.1-2.4; p = .013). Moreover, there was a Haplotype × Sex interaction such that there was higher prevalence of smoking initiation with GTG (77.6%) versus other haplotypes (57.0%; p = .043). Discussion: In 2 different ethnic American populations, we observed man-woman variation in the influence of the rs2303380-rs4938015-rs11604671 GTG haplotype on smoking initiation and cessation. These results should be replicated in larger cohorts to establish the relationship among the rs2303380-rs4938015-rs11604671 haplotype block, sex, and smoking behavior.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health