Sexualised drug use among sexual minority young adults in the United States: The P18 cohort study

Annie Ristuccia, Caleb LoSchiavo, Perry Halkitis, Farzana Kapadia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Substance use and condomless sexual behaviours are both well studied in sexual minority men, but few researchers have used event-level data collection to examine sexualised drug use in sexual and gender minority young adults. The aim of this study is to describe the co-occurrence of sex under the influence of substances and condomless sexual behaviours, using nuanced event-level data, in a racially/ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample in New York City. Methods: Data from one wave of a cohort of sexual and gender minority young adults who were assigned male at birth (n = 500) were used to characterise co-occurrence of sex under the influence of drugs and condomless sexual behaviours (oral receptive, anal insertive, and anal receptive sex), in the last 30 days. Logistic regression models were constructed to assess associations between sex while high and condomless sexual behaviours, controlling for sociodemographic factors. Results: Preliminary analyses indicated significant associations between engaging in sex while high and condomless sexual behaviours. In unadjusted regression models, sexualised and non-sexualised drug use were both significantly associated with increased odds of condomless sexual behaviours. In adjusted models, sexualised drug use remained significantly associated with condomless anal insertive sex (AOR = 3.57) and condomless anal receptive sex (AOR = 4.98). Having multiple sexual partners was also significantly associated with greater odds of condomless sexual activity in all three adjusted models. Conclusion: Multivariable analyses indicated that engaging in sex while high on any drug was associated with increased condomless sexual behaviour, but that sexualised drug use was associated with particularly elevated condomless anal sex. These findings provide insight for understanding the co-occurrence of substance use and condomless sex, and suggest a need for HIV/STI risk reduction strategies that address the role of sexualised drug use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-214
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Drug Policy
Volume55
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • Condomless sexual behaviour
  • Sex under the influence of drugs
  • Sexual minority
  • Sexualised drug use
  • YMSM
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

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