Short- vs Long-Course Antibiotics for Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis

Raffi A. Bashlian, Carolyn J. Sun, Caroline G. Dorsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB) is a significant public health problem, costing the United States health care system over $1.9 billion in 2008. While AECB is mainly treated with antibiotics, the ideal duration of antibacterial treatment remains unclear. Antibiotic overprescription, growing prevalence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics worldwide, and difficulties with patient adherence are ongoing issues. The purpose of this literature review is to identify the most effective duration of antibiotic therapy administration (short- vs long-course antibiotic therapy) for patients with AECB, synthesizing the findings for clinical application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)534-539
Number of pages6
JournalJournal for Nurse Practitioners
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • AECB
  • Adult
  • Drug therapy
  • Review of literature
  • Short course
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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