TY - JOUR

T1 - Signatures of short distance physics in the cosmic microwave background

AU - Kaloper, Nemanja

AU - Kleban, Matthew

AU - Lawrence, Albion

AU - Shenker, Stephen

N1 - Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - We systematically investigate the effect of short distance physics on the spectrum of temperature anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background produced during inflation. We present a general argument—assuming only low-energy locality—that the size of such effects is of order (Formula presented) where H is the Hubble parameter during inflation and M is the scale of the high-energy physics. We evaluate the strength of such effects in a number of specific string and M theory models. In weakly coupled field theory and string theory models, the effects are far too small to be observed. In phenomenologically attractive Hořava-Witten compactifications, the effects are much larger but still unobservable. In certain M theory models, for which the fundamental Planck scale is several orders of magnitude below the conventional scale of grand unification, the effects may be on the threshold of detectability. However, observations of both the scalar and tensor fluctuation contributions to the cosmic microwave background power spectrum—with a precision near the cosmic variance limit—are necessary in order to demonstrate unambiguously the existence of these signatures of high-energy physics. This is a formidable experimental challenge.

AB - We systematically investigate the effect of short distance physics on the spectrum of temperature anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background produced during inflation. We present a general argument—assuming only low-energy locality—that the size of such effects is of order (Formula presented) where H is the Hubble parameter during inflation and M is the scale of the high-energy physics. We evaluate the strength of such effects in a number of specific string and M theory models. In weakly coupled field theory and string theory models, the effects are far too small to be observed. In phenomenologically attractive Hořava-Witten compactifications, the effects are much larger but still unobservable. In certain M theory models, for which the fundamental Planck scale is several orders of magnitude below the conventional scale of grand unification, the effects may be on the threshold of detectability. However, observations of both the scalar and tensor fluctuation contributions to the cosmic microwave background power spectrum—with a precision near the cosmic variance limit—are necessary in order to demonstrate unambiguously the existence of these signatures of high-energy physics. This is a formidable experimental challenge.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.66.123510

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.66.123510

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0037116240

VL - 66

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 12

ER -