Single-peakedness and disconnected coalitions

Steven J. Brams, Michael A. Jones, D. Marc Kilgour

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Abstract

    Ordinally single-peaked preferences are distinguished from cardinally single-peaked preferences, in which all players have a similar perception of distances in some one-dimensional ordering. While ordinal single-peakedness can lead to disconnected coalitions that have a 'hole' in the ordering, cardinal single-peakedness precludes this possibility, based on two models of coalition formation: Fallback (FB): Players seek coalition partners by descending lower and lower in their preference rankings until a majority coalition forms. Build-Up (BU): Similar to FB, except that when non-majority subcoalitions form, they fuse into composite players, whose positions are defined cardinally. The 'strange bedfellows' frequently observed in legislative coalitions and military alliances suggest that even when players agree on, say, a left-right ordering, their perceptions of exactly where players stand in this ordering may differ substantially. If so, a player may be acceptable to a coalition but may not find every member in it acceptable, causing that player not to join and possibly creating a disconnected coalition.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)359-383
    Number of pages25
    JournalJournal of Theoretical Politics
    Volume14
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2002

    Keywords

    • Coalition formation
    • Dynamic process
    • Perceptions
    • Single-peakedness
    • Strange bedfellows

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science

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