We report the label-free, real-time optical detection of Influenza A virus particles. Binding of single virions is observed from discrete changes in the resonance frequency/wavelength of a whispering-gallery mode excited in a microspherical cavity. We find that the magnitude of the discrete wavelength-shift signal can be sufficiently enhanced by reducing the microsphere size. A reactive sensing mechanism with inverse dependence on mode volume is confirmed in experiments with virus-sized polystyrene nanoparticles. By comparing the electromagnetic theory for this reactive effect with experiments, the size and mass (≈5.2 × 10-16 g) of a bound virion are determined directly from the optimal resonance shift.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - Dec 30 2008
- Optical resonance
ASJC Scopus subject areas