Smoking and drinking as risk indicators for tooth loss in middle-aged danes

Douglas E. Morse, Kirsten Avlund, Lisa Bøge Christensen, Nils Erik Fiehn, Drude Molbo, Palle Holmstrup, Johanne Kongstad, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Poul Holm-Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To investigate tobacco and alcohol consumption as risk indicators for missing teeth in late middle-aged Danes. Method: In all, 1,517 Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) participants received a clinical oral examination that included number of teeth. Information on smoking, drinking, and various covariates was obtained using self-administered, structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression (dependent variable: 6+ vs. <6 missing teeth) were used to investigate smoking and drinking in relation to missing teeth. Results: Current smokers, persons who currently or previously smoked >15 tobacco units/day, and persons who had smoked for 27+ years had elevated mean scores of missing teeth and associated odds ratios (OR) compared with never smokers. Relative to nondrinkers, alcohol consumption was associated with reduced odds of missing 6+ teeth. Discussion: Our findings suggest that smoking is positively associated, while alcoholic beverage consumption is inversely related to tooth loss in middle-aged Danes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-71
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2014


  • drinking
  • middle-aged
  • smoking
  • tooth loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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