Smoking cessation pharmacotherapy use during index hospital admission following cystectomy for bladder cancer: A retrospective cohort study

Eli Rapoport, Marc A. Bjurlin, Helena Furberg, Timothy F. Donahue, Samir S. Taneja, Bernard H. Bochner, Jamie S. Ostroff, Richard S. Matulewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: To identify gaps in urologic oncology quality and evidence-based smoking cessation care by assessing how often smoking cessation pharmacotherapy (SCP) is given in the inpatient setting following cystectomy. Methods: The Premier Healthcare Database (PHD), a deidentified all-payer dataset, was used to generate nationally representative estimates of SCP receipt during hospitalization following cystectomy for patients with bladder cancer who smoke. Regressions were used to model associations between SCP receipt and patient- and hospital-level factors. Results: Of the 21,624 patients who underwent cystectomy for bladder cancer, 3,676 patients (17.0%) were identified as current smokers, representing a weighted estimate of 16,063 admissions. Among these admissions, 27.9% of patients received SCP, the vast majority of which (91.5%) received exclusively nicotine replacement therapy. Rates of SCP receipt varied substantially across hospitals (median: 25.0%, IQR: 20.0–33.3, range: 0.0–60.0). Older age and black race (aOR = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.42–0.82) were associated with lower odds of SCP receipt. Increased patient comorbidity score was associated with higher odds of SCP receipt (aOR = 1.02, 95% CI: 1.01–1.03); specifically, chronic pulmonary disease, alcohol abuse, and depression were independently associated with SCP receipt. Hospital teaching status, bed capacity, and mean annual cystectomy volume were not associated with SCP receipt. SCP receipt was not associated with hospital length of stay nor 90-day readmission or mortality following cystectomy. Conclusions: SCP is infrequently given to patients who smoke during their hospitalization following cystectomy for bladder cancer, representing a gap in quality urologic oncology care and a missed opportunity to effectively intervene with evidence-based treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Cystectomy
  • Smoking
  • Smoking cessation
  • Urinary bladder neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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