Social Cognition 2.0: An Interactive Memory Systems Account

David M. Amodio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


For 40 years, research on impression formation and attitudes has relied on dual-process theories that represent knowledge in a single associative network. Although such models explain priming effects and some implicit responses, they are generally silent on other forms of learning and on the interface of social cognition with perception and action. Meanwhile, advances in cognitive neuroscience reveal multiple, interacting forms of learning and memory (e.g., semantic associative memory, Pavlovian conditioning, and instrumental learning), with detailed models of their operations, neural bases, and connections with perceptual and behavioral systems. This memory systems perspective offers a more refined, neurally plausible model of social cognition and attitudes that, I argue, provides a useful and generative account of human social behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-33
Number of pages13
JournalTrends in Cognitive Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019


  • attitudes
  • implicit
  • learning
  • memory
  • neuroscience
  • social cognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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