Social Inequalities on Selected Determinants of Active Aging and Health Status Indicators in a Large Brazilian City (2003-2010)

Luciana De Souza Braga, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Cibele Comini César, James Macinko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess trends in social inequalities among 2,624 elderly living in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in three domains of the World Health Organization's Active Aging model (physical environment, social determinants, use of health services) and health status indicators. Method: Data came from two representative household surveys conducted in 2003 and 2010. Social inequality was measured by the slope and the relative index of inequality. Educational level was used to define socioeconomic status. Results: Significant improvements were observed in the prevalence rates of 7 out of 12 indicators. However, the social inequalities persisted through 10 out of 12 selected active aging and health status indicators, except for fear of falling on the sidewalks/crossing the streets and fear of being robbed. Discussion: Social inequalities persistence might be assigned to the continuity of unequal distribution of resources among groups with different educational levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-196
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Brazil
  • active aging
  • epidemiology
  • social inequalities
  • urban health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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