Sociodemographic differences in fears and mistrust contributing to unwillingness to participate in cancer screenings

Jenna L. Davis, Shalanda A. Bynum, Ralph Katz, Kyrel Buchanan, B. Lee Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Effective provider-patient relationships are vital for positive patient health outcomes. This analysis assessed sociodemographic differences in fears and mistrust related to the provider-patient relationship, which may contribute to unwillingness to participate in cancer screenings (CSs). The data are from a stratified, random-digit dial telephone questionnaire of non-institutionalized households in New York, Maryland, and Puerto Rico. Statistically significant results indicate that Hispanics, compared with Whites, were nearly two times more likely to report that fear of being a "guinea pig" and lacking trust in medical people would make them unwilling to participate in CSs. Additionally, those with less education were over two times more likely to indicate a fear of being embarrassed during the screen- ing would make them unwilling to participate in CSs. These results highlight areas where health professionals can improve interactions with their patients and be attentive to their fears and/or mistrusts to promote CSs utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-76
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Volume23
Issue number4 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

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Early Detection of Cancer
Fear
Puerto Rico
Health
Hispanic Americans
Telephone
Guinea Pigs
Education

Keywords

  • Cancer screening
  • Provider-patient relationship
  • Sociodemographic characteristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Sociodemographic differences in fears and mistrust contributing to unwillingness to participate in cancer screenings. / Davis, Jenna L.; Bynum, Shalanda A.; Katz, Ralph; Buchanan, Kyrel; Green, B. Lee.

In: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, Vol. 23, No. 4 SUPPL., 11.2012, p. 67-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davis, Jenna L. ; Bynum, Shalanda A. ; Katz, Ralph ; Buchanan, Kyrel ; Green, B. Lee. / Sociodemographic differences in fears and mistrust contributing to unwillingness to participate in cancer screenings. In: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2012 ; Vol. 23, No. 4 SUPPL. pp. 67-76.
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