This paper is concerned with a challenging problem of channel estimation and equalization for amplify-and-forward cooperative relay based orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems in sparse underwater acoustic (UWA) channels. The sparseness of the channel impulse response and prior information for the non-Gaussian channel gains, modeled by an exact continuous Gaussian mixture (CGM), are exploited to improve the performance of the channel estimation algorithm. The resulting novel algorithm initially estimates the overall sparse complex-valued channel taps from the source to the destination as well as their locations using the matching pursuit (MP) approach. The effective time-domain non-Gaussian noise is approximated well as a Gaussian noise in the frequency-domain, where the estimation takes place. An efficient and low complexity algorithm is developed based on a combination of the MP and the maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) based space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization technique, to improve the estimates of the channel taps and their locations in an iterative manner. Computer simulations show that the UWA channel is estimated very effectively and the proposed algorithm exhibits excellent symbol error rate and channel estimation performance.
- AF relaying
- Continuous Gaussian mixture
- Matching pursuit
- Underwater acoustic channel estimation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering