Spatial frequency channels in experimentally strabismic monkeys revealed by oblique masking

Daniel C. Kiper, Karl R. Gegenfurtner, Lynne Kiorpes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although the spatial vision deficits of human strabismic amblyopes have been well documented, surprisingly little is known about the mechanisms underlying their visual performance. In an effort to reveal the structure underlying the spatial vision deficits associated with strabismic amblyopea, we measured the performance of monkeys (Macaca nemestrina) with experimental strabismus in a contrast detection task with oblique masks. The masks were two adjacent identical oblique sine-wave gratings modulated in space by a Gaussian envelope. The target stimulus was a vertically oriented Gabor patch that appeared superimposed on the center of either the left or the right mask. The animals were trained by operant methods to indicate the location of the target. We measured detection thresholds in each eye independently for a large number of test and mask spatial frequencies. For each test spatial frequency, detection thresholds were elevated in the presence of the mask. The threshold evaluations showed a peak for a particular spatial frequency that was typically similar to the test spatial frequency. This pattern of results is consistent with the idea that the tests are detected by a discrete number of channels tuned to a narrow range of spatial frequencies. The data from the deviated eyes did not appear qualitatively different from those of the fellow eyes, and could be accounted by the same number of channels in both eyes. Quantitative estimates of the channels' characteristics revealed that the channels derived from the deviated eyes' data were similar to those yielded by the fellow eyes, but showed a reduction in their sensitivity to contrast.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2737-2742
Number of pages6
JournalVision research
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 1995


  • Amblyopia
  • Spatial frequency
  • Strabismus
  • channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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