Special education in urban america: It's not justifiable for many

Jay Gottlieb, Mark Alter, Barbara W. Gottlieb, Jerry Wishner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We review current practices in urban school districts related to referral and placement of academically low-functioning children in special education. Data we have collected over a 10-year period indicate that today's child with learning disabilities functions very similarly to the way students with educable mental retardation performed 25 years ago. We discuss the characteristics and needs of inner-city special education youngsters and the difficult options facing school administrators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-465
Number of pages13
JournalThe Journal of Special Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Special education in urban america: It's not justifiable for many'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this