Specific patterns of cognitive abilities in young children with mild mental retardation

Kathryn L. Fletcher, Marcia S. Scott, Clancy Blair, Kerry E. Bolger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Whereas a wealth of research has examined cognitive abilities of groups of individuals with mild mental retardation (MMR), less research has investigated potential differences in cognitive performance among individuals with mental retardation (Baumeister, 1997). The present study was an exploratory analysis of variability in performance of children with MMR on a wide range of cognitive tasks. Four-, 5, and 6-year-old children were presented with 10 cognitive tasks designed to tap different underlying processes. Children's performance on each of these tasks was only moderately correlated with IQ scores. Cluster analysis revealed four clusters of young children with MMR that were differentiated by their patterns of cognitive performance across the 10 tasks. Patterns of cognitive performance are described for each cluster and implications of this research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)270-278
Number of pages9
JournalEducation and Training in Developmental Disabilities
Volume39
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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