We utilize multi-dimensional simulations of varying equatorial jet strength toredict wavelength-dependent variations in the eclipse times of gas-giantlanets. A displaced hot spot introduces an asymmetry in the secondary eclipse light curve that manifests itself as a measured offset in the timing of the center of eclipse. A multi-wavelength observation of secondary eclipse, onerobing the timing of barycentric eclipse at short wavelengths and anotherrobing at longer wavelengths, will reveal the longitudinal displacement of the hot spot and break the degeneracy between this effect and that associated with the asymmetry due to an eccentric orbit. The effect of time offsets was first explored in the IRAC wavebands by Williams et al. Here we improve upon their methodology, extend to a broad range of wavelengths, and demonstrate our technique on a series of multi-dimensional radiative-hydrodynamical simulations of HD 209458b with varying equatorial jet strength and hot-spot displacement. Simulations with the largest hot-spot displacement result in timing offsets of up to 100 s in the infrared. Though we utilize aarticular radiative hydrodynamical model to demonstrate this effect, the technique is model independent. This technique should allow a much larger survey of hot-spot displacements with the James Webb Space Telescope than currently accessible with time-intensivehase curves, hopefully shedding light on thehysical mechanisms associated with thermal energy advection in irradiated gas giants.
- methods: observational
- planets and satellites: atmospheres
- planets and satellites: individual (HD 209458b)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science