Speculation on infrastructural ecology: Pigeons, Gaza, and internet access

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article proposes an Internet Pigeon Network as a prototype and a critique. As a prototype, it is a speculation for a community-organized, affordable, resilient internet infrastructure for the Gaza Strip that brings together different modes of building communication networks: one draws on millennia-long history of the pigeon post and the other on contemporary local WiFi and do-it-yourself networks. As a critique, it is a commentary on the possibility of establishing an infrastructure that is equitable, adaptable, sustainable, and grounded by the collaborative effort between humans, animals, and the environment that sets it in motion. The article discusses such a prototype’s implications on mobility and the goal of an infrastructural ecology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1064-1081
Number of pages18
JournalEnvironment and Planning D: Society and Space
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Gaza
  • Infrastructure
  • infrastructural ecology
  • internet
  • mobility
  • pigeons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)


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