Spin-torque oscillators with thermal noise: A constant energy orbit approach

D. Pinna, D. L. Stein, A. D. Kent

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We study the magnetization dynamics of spin-torque oscillators in the presence of thermal noise and as a function of the spin-polarization angle in a macrospin model. The macrospin has biaxial magnetic anisotropy, typical of thin film magnetic elements, with an easy axis in the film plane and a hard axis out of the plane. Using a method that averages the energy over precessional orbits, we derive analytic expressions for the current that generates and sustains out-of-plane precessional states. We find that there is a critical angle of the spin polarization necessary for the occurrence of such states and predict a hysteretic response to applied current. This model can be tested in experiments on orthogonal spin-transfer devices, which consist of both an in-plane and out-of-plane magnetized spin polarizers, effectively leading to an angle between the easy and spin-polarization axes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number174405
    JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
    Issue number17
    StatePublished - Nov 6 2014

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics


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