Stabilities of infant behaviors and maternal responses to them

Marc H. Bornstein, Diane L. Putnick, Chun Shin Hahn, Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda, Gianluca Esposito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Consistency in the order of individuals in a group across substantial lengths of time—stability—is a central concept in developmental science for several reasons. Stability underscores the meaningfulness of individual differences in psychological phenomena; stability informs about the origins, nature, and overall developmental course of psychological phenomena; stability signals individual status and so affects the environment, experience, and development; stability has both theoretical and clinical implications for individual functioning; and stability helps to establish that a measure constitutes a consequential individual-differences metric. In this three-wave prospective longitudinal study (Ns = 40 infants and mothers), we examined stabilities of individual variation in multiple infant behaviors and maternal responses to them across infant ages 10, 14, and 21 months. Medium to large effect size stabilities in infant behaviors and maternal responses emerged, but both betray substantial amounts of unshared variance. Documenting the ontogenetic trajectories of infant behaviors and maternal responses helps to elucidate the nature and structure of early human development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-245
Number of pages20
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2020


  • infancy
  • parenting
  • responsiveness
  • stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Stabilities of infant behaviors and maternal responses to them'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this