State of the evidence: Intimate partner violence and HIV/STI risk among adolescents

Puja Seth, Ralph J. Di Clemente, Amy E. Lovvorn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper provides a critical narrative review of the scientific literature on intimate partner violence (IPV) and risky sexual behavior as well as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents, aged 14-24 years. Intimate partner violence has been associated with a number of high risk sexual behavior, including inconsistent condom use, multiple sexual partners, earlier sexual debut, consuming substances while engaging in sexual behavior, and sexually transmitted infections among adolescents. An electronic search of the literature was performed using PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science and articles from January 2000 - June 2013 were reviewed. Search terms included a combination of keywords for IPV, HIV/STI risk, and adolescents. The findings from the review indicated that IPV was associated with inconsistent condom use, STIs, early sexual debut, multiple sexual partners, and other HIV/STI-associated risk factors among adolescents. HIV/STI interventions for female adolescents often focus on increasing behavioral and cognitive skills, specifically condom negotiation. However, within the context of an abusive relationship, it becomes challenging for adolescents to enact these skills, where this behavior could potentially place them at greater risk. Components that address violence are necessary within HIV prevention programming. Additionally, integration of IPV screening within healthcare settings is important along with a combined approach that merges resources from healthcare, social, and community-level settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-535
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent HIV Research
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Review
  • Risky sexual behavior
  • Sexually transmitted infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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