State-space modeling of proton exchange membrane fuel cell

Sachin V. Puranik, Ali Keyhani, Farshad Khorrami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, a nonlinear state-space model of the 500-W proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell is developed. The open-circuit output voltage of the PEM fuel cell, mass balance, and thermodynamic energy balance inside the PEM fuel cell, voltage losses in the PEM fuel cell, along with the formation of a double layer charge in the PEM fuel cell system are modeled. The model is simulated in MATLAB/Simulink, and the transient response of the PEM fuel cell model over short and long time periods is analyzed. Also, the behavior of the model under the resistive load is studied, and the results are shown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5499038
Pages (from-to)804-813
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2010


  • Fuel cells
  • Modeling
  • State-space methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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