### Abstract

Systematic applications of ideas from equilibrium statistical mechanics lead to promising strategies for assessing the unresolved scales of motion in many problems in science and engineering. A scientific debate over more than the last 25 years involves which conserved quantities among the formally infinite list are statistically relevant for the large-scale equilibrium statistical behavior. Here this important issue is addressed by using suitable discrete numerical approximations for geophysical flows with many conserved quantities as a numerical laboratory. The results of numerical experiments are presented here for these truncated geophysical flows with topography in a suitable regime. These experiments establish that the integrated third power of potential vorticity besides the familiar constraints of energy, circulation, and enstrophy (the integrated second power) is statistically relevant in this regime for the coarse-grained equilibrium statistical behavior at large scales. Furthermore, the integrated higher powers of potential vorticity larger than three are statistically irrelevant for the large-scale equilibrium statistical behavior in the examples studied here.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 3841-3846 |

Number of pages | 6 |

Journal | Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America |

Volume | 100 |

Issue number | 7 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Apr 1 2003 |

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General