Steady water waves in the presence of wind

Samuel Walsh, Oliver Buhler, Jalal Shatah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper we develop an existence theory for small amplitude, steady, twodimensional water waves in the presence of wind in the air above. The presence of the wind is modeled by a Kelvin-Helmholtz type discontinuity across the air-water interface, and a corresponding jump in the circulation of the fluids there. We consider both fluids to be inviscid, with the water region being irrotational and of finite depth. The air region is considered with constant vorticity in the case of infinite depth and with a general vorticity profile in the case of a finite, lidded atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2182-2227
Number of pages46
JournalSIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2013


  • Bifurcation theory
  • Traveling waves
  • Water waves
  • Wind wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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