A systematic study of C-glycosylations of acetals related to mannose and other pyranoses was conducted. The C-5 alkoxyalkyl group provides only a modest influence on stereoselectivity. On the other hand, studies of pentopyranoses bearing alkoxy groups at C-2, C-3, and C-4 showed that the alkoxy groups exerted powerful influences on selectivity. In the case of mannose, the high αselectivity observed with C-mannosylation was reversed to high β selectivity if the C-5 alkoxyalkyl group were removed. An analysis of the conformational preferences of the intermediate oxocarbenium ions, including the mannosyl cation, as well as consideration of steric effects that develop in the transition states for nucleophilic attack provide explanations for these phenomena.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry