Strain rate effects on the mechanical properties and fracture mode of skeletal muscle

Michael Shapiro, Nick Tovar, Daniel Yoo, Micheal Sobieraj, Nikhil Gupta, Ryan C. Branski, Paulo G. Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study aimed to characterize the mechanical response of beagle sartorius muscle fibers under strain rates that increase logarithmically (0.1 mm/min, 1 mm/min and 10 mm/min), and provide an analysis of the fracture patterns of these tissues via scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Muscle tissue from dogs' sartorius was excised and test specimens were sectioned with a lancet into sections with nominal length, width, and thickness of 7, 2.5 and 0.6 mm, respectively. Trimming of the tissue was done so that the loading would be parallel to the direction of the muscle fiber. Samples were immediately tested following excision and failures were observed under the SEM. No statistically significant difference was observed in strength between the 0.1 mm/min (2.560 ± 0.37 MPa) and the 1 mm/min (2.702 ± 0.55 MPa) groups. However, the 10 mm/min group (1.545 ± 0.50 MPa) had a statistically significant lower strength than both the 1 mm/min group and the 0.1 mm/min group with p < 0.01 in both cases. At the 0.1 mm/min rate the primary fracture mechanism was that of a shear mode failure of the endomysium with a significant relative motion between fibers. At 1 mm/min this continues to be the predominant failure mode. At the 10 mm/min strain rate there is a significant change in the fracture pattern relative to other strain rates, where little to no evidence of endomysial shear failure nor of significant motion between fibers was detected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-104
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014


  • Biomechanical
  • Dog
  • Fracture
  • Muscle
  • Testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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