Strategies for detecting joint dichotomous moderators in human resource management research

Dimitri Liakhovitski, Eugene F. Stone-Romero, James J. Jaccard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The operation of joint dichotomous moderators is common in the human resource management (HRM) field and other disciplines, and several strategies are available for detecting their effects. However, at present, little is known about the relative ability (i.e., the statistical power) of these strategies for detecting the effects of joint moderators. Thus, Monte Carlo simulations were conducted to compare the statistical power of the moderated multiple regression (MMR) and the Jones [Jones, M.B. (1968). Correlation as a dependent variable. Psychological Bulletin, 70, 69-72.] procedure for detecting joint dichotomous moderators under conditions of heterogeneity of within-group error variances. The simulations involved manipulations of total sample size, proportion of cases in moderator-based subgroups, magnitude of the joint moderating effect in the population, and the reliability of scores. Results showed that these manipulations had similar main and interactive effects on the statistical power of both methods. In most study conditions, the Jones procedure slightly outperformed MMR in terms of power. This power advantage was most pronounced when the sample size was large, subgroup proportions equaled .4 or .5, and reliability was high. Implications are considered for HRM research in which joint moderating effects are tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-179
Number of pages16
JournalHuman Resource Management Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2008


  • Joint moderator variables
  • Moderator variables
  • Three-way interactions for continuous variables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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