Strategies to Improve Medication Adherence and Blood Pressure Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Populations: A Scoping Review of the Literature from 2017 to 2021

Deborah Onakomaiya, Claire Cooper, Aigna Barber, Timothy Roberts, Joyce Gyamfi, Jennifer Zanowiak, Nadia Islam, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Antoinette Schoenthaler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: To identify intervention strategies that were effective in promoting medication adherence and HTN control among racial/ethnic minority groups in the US. Recent Findings: Twelve articles were included in this review and 4 categories of intervention strategies were identified as counseling by trained personnel, mHealth tools, mHealth tools in combination with counseling by trained personnel, and quality improvement. The findings show that interventions delivered by trained personnel are effective in lowering BP and improving medication adherence, particularly for those delivered by health educators, CHWs, medical assistants, and pharmacists. Additionally, the combination of mHealth tools with counseling by trained personnel has the potential to be more effective than either mHealth or counseling alone and report beneficial effects on medication adherence and BP control. Summary: This review provides potential next steps for future research to examine the effectiveness of mHealth interventions in combination with support from trained health personnel and its effects on racial disparities in HTN outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCurrent Hypertension Reports
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Health disparities
  • Hypertension
  • Medication adherence
  • Trained health personnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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