Striking deficiency in top-down perceptual reorganization of two-tone images in preschool children

J. M.D. Yoon, J. Winawer, N. Witthoft, E. M. Markman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Two-tone images (black and white transformations of gray-scale photographs) can be difficult for adult observers to recognize. However, following a brief presentation of the original photograph from which the two-tone image was created, adults experience rapid and long-lasting perceptual reorganization, such that after the initial presentation, the two-tone image becomes immediately and easily recognizable. Following a previously reported observation [1], we present evidence that, in contrast to the effortless recognition seen in adults, preschoolaged children are generally unable to recognize two-tone images even when the photograph is simultaneously available. When asked to draw corresponding parts of the photo and two-tone images, children often marked correct regions of the photo and nonsensical regions of the two-tone image. A control experiment showed that children are fully able to mark corresponding parts of two identical photographs. These results point to a dramatic lack of cue-driven perceptual reorganization in young children under conditions that trigger instant recognition in adults. We suggest that this robust phenomenon may provide a window into the development of top-down mechanisms of perceptual learning and consider interventions (e.g., [2-4]) that may improve young children's ability to use one image to reorganize another.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL
Pages181-186
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Event2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 11 2007Jul 13 2007

Publication series

Name2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL

Other

Other2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period7/11/077/13/07

Keywords

  • Development
  • Perceptual Reorganization
  • Preschool Children
  • Two-Tone Images

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications

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    Yoon, J. M. D., Winawer, J., Witthoft, N., & Markman, E. M. (2007). Striking deficiency in top-down perceptual reorganization of two-tone images in preschool children. In 2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL (pp. 181-186). [4354071] (2007 IEEE 6th International Conference on Development and Learning, ICDL). https://doi.org/10.1109/DEVLRN.2007.4354071