Strongly coupled dark energy cosmologies: Preserving ΛCDM success and easing low scale problems - I. Linear theory revisited

Silvio A. Bonometto, Roberto Mainini, Andrea V. Macciò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this first paper we discuss the linear theory and the background evolution of a new class of models we dub SCDEW: Strongly Coupled DE, plusWDM. In these models, WDMdominates today's matter density; like baryons, WDM is uncoupled. Dark energy is a scalar field ≪ its coupling to ancillary cold dark matter (CDM), whose today's density is ≪1 per cent, is an essential model feature. Such coupling, in fact, allows the formation of cosmic structures, in spite of very low WDM particle masses (~100 eV). SCDEW models yield cosmic microwave background and linear large scale features substantially undistinguishable from ΛCDM, but thanks to the very low WDM masses they strongly alleviate ΛCDM issues on small scales, as confirmed via numerical simulations in the second associated paper. Moreover SCDEW cosmologies significantly ease the coincidence and fine tuning problems of ΛCDM and, by using a field theory approach, we also outline possible links with inflationary models. We also discuss a possible fading of the coupling at low redshifts which prevents non-linearities on the CDM component to cause computational problems. The (possible) low-z coupling suppression, its mechanism, and its consequences are however still open questions - not necessarily problems - for SCDEW models. The coupling intensity and the WDM particle mass, although being extra parameters in respect to ΛCDM, are found to be substantially constrained a priori so that, if SCDEW is the underlying cosmology, we expect most data to fit also ΛCDM predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1002-1012
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume453
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 24 2015

Keywords

  • Dark energy
  • Darkmatter
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Large-scale structure of universe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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