Structural and Physical Properties of Delocalized Mixed-Valent [CpM (pentalene)M'Cp]n+and [CpM (indacene)M'Cp]n+ (M, M' = Fe, Co, Ni; n = 0, 1, 2) Complexes

Juan M. Manriquez, Michael D. Ward, Joseph C. Calabrese, Emilio E. Bunel, William M. Reiff, Nancy L. Jones, Patrick J. Carroll, Joel S. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The structural characterization and physical properties of [CpM (pentalene)M'Cp]n+ (Cp = penta- methylcyclopentadiene; M, M' = Fe, Fe (1a); Co, Co (1b); Ni, Ni (1c); Ru, Ru (1d); Fe, Ru (1e); Fe, Co (1f); n = 0, 1, 2) and [CpM (s-indacene)M'Cp]n+ (s = symmetric) and [CpM (as-indacene)M'Cp]n+ (M, M' = Fe, Fe (2a, 3a); Co, Co (2b, 3b); Ni, Ni (2c, 3c); n = 0, 1, 2) (as = asymmetric) are reported. The local molecular structure of the organometallic complex does not change significantly with oxidation state; in all cases the CpM moieties reside on opposite faces of the fused μ-bridging ring systems, reflecting the dominance of steric effects. These complexes generally exhibit behavior consistent with significant electronic interactions between metal centers, including large electrochemical potential separations between successive one-electron redox events, and for the mixed valent (n = 1+) complexes, intervalent charge transfer absorption bands. The magnetic susceptibility data are consistent with intramolecular ferromagnetic coupling of spins for 1a2+ and 2c2+ and antiferromagnetic coupling of spins for 1c, 1c2+, 1b, 2b, 1c+, 2c+, and 3c+. In general, the paramagnetic complexes exhibit Curie-Weiss behavior, except for 2c and 3c, which possess singlet ground states and high spin excited states that are 0.036 and 0.056 eV (290 and 524 cm-1) above the ground state, respectively. Mixed-valent 1a+ and 2a+ are fully detrapped on the Mossbauer time scale (i.e., electron transfer rates ≥107 s-1) above 1.5 K, consistent with a negligible energy barrier to intramolecular electron transfer or complete delocalization. The EPR spectra of 1a+, 2a+, and 1e+ exhibit significantly reduced g-factor ansiotropies and more intense spectral features at ambient temperature compared to [FeCpa]·+, implying intramolecular electron transfer rates ≥107 s-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6182-6193
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jun 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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