Structural Attributes and Principles of the Neocortical Connectome in the Marmoset Monkey

Panagiota Theodoni, Piotr Majka, David H. Reser, Daniel K. Wójcik, Marcello G.P. Rosa, Xiao Jing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The marmoset monkey has become an important primate model in Neuroscience. Here, we characterize salient statistical properties of interareal connections of the marmoset cerebral cortex, using data from retrograde tracer injections. We found that the connectivity weights are highly heterogeneous, spanning 5 orders of magnitude, and are log-normally distributed. The cortico-cortical network is dense, heterogeneous and has high specificity. The reciprocal connections are the most prominent and the probability of connection between 2 areas decays with their functional dissimilarity. The laminar dependence of connections defines a hierarchical network correlated with microstructural properties of each area. The marmoset connectome reveals parallel streams associated with different sensory systems. Finally, the connectome is spatially embedded with a characteristic length that obeys a power law as a function of brain volume across rodent and primate species. These findings provide a connectomic basis for investigations of multiple interacting areas in a complex large-scale cortical system underlying cognitive processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-28
Number of pages14
JournalCerebral Cortex
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • allometric scaling
  • distance-dependent structural connectivity
  • hierarchy
  • network
  • primate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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