Structural comparison between retro-inverso and parent peptides: Molecular basis for the biological activity of a retro-inverso analogue of the immunodominant fragment of VP1 coat protein from foot-and-mouth disease virus

John A. Carver, Gennaro Esposito, Paolo Viglino, Federico Fogolari, Gilles Guichard, Jean Paul Briand, Marc H.V. Van Regenmortel, Fred Brown, Paolo Mascagni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Antibodies induced against intact foot-and-mouth disease Virus (FMDV) particles bind to the retro-inverso analogue of fragment 141-159 of the viral coat protein VP1 of FMDV, variant A, equally well as to the parent peptide. A conformational investigation of this retro-inverso peptide was carried out by nmr spectroscopy and restrained molecular modeling in order to identify the structural basis for the antigenic mimicry between these retro-inverso and parent peptides. In 100% trifluoroethanol a well-defined left-handed α-helical region exists from residue 150 to residue 159, which is consistently present in all conformational families obtained from restrained modelling. A less-defined left-handed helical region is present in the tract 144-148, which is also consistent for all structures. Confor motional flexibility exists about Gly149, which leads to two types of structures, either bent or linear. In the bent structures, a three-residue inverse tight turn is found, which can be classified as an inverse γ-turn centered at Gly149. The overall structural features of the retro-inverso peptide are shown to be similar to those of the parent L-peptide. The two molecules, however, are roughly mirror images because they share inherently chiral secondary structure elements. By comparing these conformational conclusions with the x-ray structure of the Fab complex of a corresponding VP1 antigenic fragment, a rationale is proposed to account for the topological requirements of specific recognition that are implied by the equivalent antigenic activity of the natural and retro-inverso compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-590
Number of pages22
JournalBiopolymers
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Organic Chemistry

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