Single-crystal X-ray characterization of cationic (α-diimine)Ni-ethyl and isopropyl β-agostic complexes, which are key intermediates in olefin polymerization and oligomerization, are presented. The sharp Ni-Cα-Cβangles (75.0(3)° and 74.57(18)°) and short Cα−Cβdistances (1.468(7) and 1.487(5) Å) provide unambiguous evidence for a β-agostic interaction. An inverse equilibrium isotope effect (EIE) for ligand coordination upon cleavage of the agostic bond highlights the weaker bond strength of Ni−H relative to the C−H bond. An Eyring plot for β-hydride elimination–olefin rotation–reinsertion is constructed from variable-temperature NMR spectra with13C-labeled agostic complexes. The enthalpy of activation (ΔH≠) for β-H elimination is 13.2 kcal mol−1. These results offer important mechanistic insight into two critical steps in polymerization: ligand association upon cleavage of the β-agostic bonds and chain-migration via β-H elimination.
- inverse kinetic isotope effect
- polymerization intermediates
- β-agostic interactions
ASJC Scopus subject areas