Structure formation by fifth force: Power spectrum from n-body simulations

Hongsheng Zhao, Andrea V. MacCiò, Baojiu Li, Henk Hoekstra, Martin Feix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We lay out the framework to numerically study nonlinear structure formation in the context of scalar-field-coupled cold dark matter models (φCDM models) where the scalar field φ serves as dynamical dark energy. Adopting parameters for the scalar field that leave negligible effects on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) spectrum, we generate the initial conditions for our N-body simulations. The simulations follow the spatial distributions of dark matter and the scalar field, solving their equations of motion using a multilevel adaptive grid technique. We show that the spatial configuration of the scalar field depends sensitively on the local density field. The φCDM model differs from standard ΛCDM at small scales with observable modifications of, e.g., the mass function of halos as well as the matter power spectrum. Nevertheless, the predictions of both models for the Hubble expansion and the CMB spectrum are virtually indistinguishable. Hence, galaxy cluster counts and weak lensing observations, which probe structure formation at small scales, are needed to falsify this class of models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L179-L183
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number2 PART 2
StatePublished - 2010


  • Cosmology: theory
  • Methods: numerical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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